The essence of selection is to appoint those parents that need to produce the next generation of foals. There should be a distinction to be made between stallions and mares. For the mares, the selection indirectly takes place through a premium system and predicates, the better mares are frequently used for breeding. Also, for the stallion selection, the BPS will give preference to approved stallions of recognized EU studbooks. For 2015, preferably only from our own breeding stock and with a maximum percentage of foreign blood.
The stallion selection consists of:
- The stallions are approved at the annual stallion show based on pedigree, own performance, offspring and IBOP.
- Stallions can be registered in the studbook register based on high sports performance.
- Stallions, from other acknowledged studbooks, are recognized by the studbook for our breeding program if they have an added value for our breeding.
- The stallions (BP) must have at least 37,5% Friesian blood and be Pinto black.
- If a stallion does not meet the required percentage Friesian blood but can make a major contribution to our breeding goals and new blood can he be approved by our studbook. He must have an added value, with unique pedigree (inbreeding control) and quality. These stallions are entered in Type XX and FB.
The stallion has three round of inspection.
1. Viewing on the streets. Exterior / movement.
2. Viewing by moving freely.
3. Viewing by hand.
Within three years after its approval, the stallion must pass positive on the IBOP test (min. 60 points) which is the responsibility of the owner. This information is also published on the website. The stallion inspection will be organized annually in the period March-April. There must have produced sufficient offspring (at least 20) of quality. The average scores of these offspring are published. Based on the examination, offspring stallions may be disapproved. The data coming from the offspring study provides valuable information on the stallion selection and will be published. Stallions must score an average of 40 points for the breeding value and have a reliability of at least 20%. The quality of the mare material is included in the final assessment. The stallion is put on hold when he cannot meet the requirements as stated above, meaning not producing enough offspring of quality, or to not pass the IBOP test. When a stallion is rejected or put on hold, and the stallion is still used for breeding the foals will be registered in the Pre-Book instead of the Foal Book.
Stallions successful in sports outcome:
With the objective of improving on the sports aptitude, the policy provides for a separate selection process for entry in the studbook register stallions (minimum 6 years old) with very good performance (minimum level Z2) in the sport. This stallion does not need to perform the IBOP test anymore. The stallion must meet the same requirements in terms of conformation, semen analysis, etc.
Although the approval of (young) stallions is based on the best information available at the time (pedigree and own performance), this does not guarantee that these stallions actually positively pass their qualities on. To get a clear picture about the actual genetic predisposition of a stallion, a sufficient (min. 20) number of juveniles be assessed. The offspring examination consists of assessing offspring (both foals and adult horses), any genetic defects, etc. Based on the offspring testing stallions may be disapproved. The data coming from the offspring provides valuable information on the stallion selection and will be published. Stallions must score an average of 40 points for the breeding value and have a reliability of at least 20%. The quality of the mare material is included in the final assessment. The main Inspector will write a report on the findings of the offspring.
Breeding Value Estimation:
Differences we observe between groups of offspring of stallions (or mares) are partly genetic and only half from the father. It is known that one stallion gets more and better opportunities compared to other stallions. To get a good understanding of the genetic potential of a horse (usually stallions) the raw data should be corrected for non-genetic factors. This is the essence of the genetic evaluation. The estimation model applied by the BPS for the breeding value estimation is based on the inspection results of the offspring. The results of the test results for each component (walk, trot, canter, breed type, construction, legs, height) are added together and divided by the number of animals inspected. When there are 20 number of offspring of a stallion are inspected, this indicates a confidence level of 20%. Each additional horse inspected, will increase reliability with 0.01%. Each horse in the population has a breeding value. For a foal, the breeding value is the average of the breeding value of both parents. Later, the horses’ own performance is included in the genetic evaluation and then the information of the offspring.
Mares with unknown parents, can be registered into one of the pre-books for the first 6 years (until 2015). They must satisfy the variety characteristics and be useable for our breeding. They must also register a DNA profile. There is no direct selection of mares, from all mares in one of the registers mares offspring are also registered, (regardless of the quality). Indirectly mares are selected. Through a system of predicates and premiums mares are differentiated by quality. The predicates are based on the quality of the mare (exterior / sport aptitude) or the quality of the offspring (exterior / sport aptitude). The better-quality mares will produce more offspring. The predicates are described in the registration bylaws.
Mares can achieve the following predicates: Star 1st or 2nd premium, Elite, Preferential and Performance.
At the studbook inspection, all mares are judged on exterior and movement. All horses will be judged based on the linear scoring form. This form must contain all sorts of features of the exterior and the movement assessed. This results in a detailed description of the characteristics of the horse relating to the BPS population. Thereafter, a grade is given for the main characteristics, exterior, movement and breeding type. The whole gives information on the physique and functionality and thus the quality of the horse. The linear scoring form benefits the owner, he also has a complete report on the horse, beside the judgment. The linear score sheets are also used to calculate the breeding values (studs), where breeders can determine their choice in stallion.
Scoring characteristics: The linear score sheet will feature exterior, breeding type and movement, separately displayed. For each characteristic, the two extreme values (e.g., long and short, and upwards and downwards) below, separated by nine checkboxes. The middle three indicate that what is seen in a horse falls within the goals of the population. The three checkboxes left and right of the middle three indicate that either the left attribute (for example upward or the right attribute (e.g. downwards) is evident in the horse. By ticking one of the nine squares the inspector/jury indicates the extent to which this characteristic is available in the horse. In addition to these features, there are extra spaces, that can be crossed by an inspector/jury as the horse shows a defect or abnormality, or if a comment on that part needs to be made. Examples include an underbite, eczema, uneven hooves or a rams head.
Ratings: After all characteristics are entered on the score sheet, the judges determine the marks. Now, the jury will post an appreciation of what they have observed in the scoring of the characteristics. These figures are given for the main features, walk, trot, canter, composition, legs and breeding type. The scale used is from 1 to 10, wherein steps of 0.5 are used. From the figure 5.5 the horse scores a sufficiently. For studbook-registration, at least 36 points with a maximum of one inadequate (grade 5 or lower on the basic gaits) must be obtained.
To assess whether the policy has led to the desired result, the breeding policy will be evaluated. If the targets are not met, the breeding/selection policy is to be changed. This breeding policy is a cyclical process. A tool used by the BPS in the evaluation, is the genetic trend for the breeding goal traits. Based on the average breeding value for an characteristic by birth, the BPS determines if progress is being made.
In an open population like that of the BPS, inbreeding plays no important role in the breeding policy. The fact is that the inbreeding within the population of the BP horse will increase in the future. The BPS will advise breeders to continue using sufficient foreign blood in the future. By also using stallions with type BP and XX, we will reach our breeding goals faster and breed stronger horses.
Inbreeding at horse level:
When pairing horses, members are ongoingly advised by the BPS, to prevent inbreeding. The inbreeding coefficient is calculated within five generations but is not yet listed on the pedigree certificate. However, the percentage of foreign blood is mentioned in the pedigree certificate.
Judges are appointed by the board.
Decision general management:
The general board of BPS may decide in all cases in which this regulation not provides. The board is authorized to amend and extend the terms mentioned in these regulations.
The information is subject to error, the Dutch version is leading at all times.